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Article Dans Une Revue Operative Neurosurgery Année : 2021

Transopercular Insular Approach, Overcoming the Training Curve Using a Cadaveric Simulation Model: 2-Dimensional Operative Video

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Résumé

Transopercular approach to the insula is indicated for resection of insular low-grade gliomas, particularly for Yasargil's 3B, 5A, and 5B types. Nevertheless, the infrequent location and its challenging approach make it difficult to master the surgery. Consequently, a realistic laboratory training model might help to acquire key surgical skills. In this video, we describe a cadaveric-based model simulating the resection of a temporo-insular low-grade glioma. Kingler's fixation technique was used to fix the cadaver head before injecting red and blue colorants for a realistic vascular appearance. Hemisphere was frozen for white matter tract dissection. Tractography and intraoperative eloquent areas were extrapolated from a glioma patient by using a neuronavigation system. Then, a fronto-temporal craniotomy was performed through a question mark incision, exposing from inferior temporal gyrus up to middle frontal gyrus. After cortical anatomic landmark identification, eloquent areas were extrapolated creating a simulated functional cortical map. Then, transopercular noneloquent frontal and temporal corticectomies were performed, followed by subpial resection. Detailed identification of Sylvian vessels and insular cortex was demonstrated. Anatomic resection limits were exposed, and implicated white matter bundles, uncinate and fronto-occipital fascicles, were identified running through the temporal isthmus. Finally, a temporo-mesial resection was performed. In summary, this model provides a simple, cost-effective, and very realistic simulation of a transopercular approach to the insula, allowing the development of surgical skills needed to treat insular tumors in a safe environment. Besides, the integration of simulated navigation has proven useful in better understanding the complex white matter anatomy involved. Cadaver donation, subject or relatives, includes full consent for publication of the images. For the purpose of this video, no ethics committee approval was needed. Images correspond to a cadaver head donation. Cadaver donation, subject or relatives, includes full consent for any scientific purposes involving the corpse. The consent includes image or video recording. Regarding the intraoperative surgical video and tractography, the patient gave written consent for scientific divulgation prior to surgery.

Dates et versions

hal-03648458 , version 1 (21-04-2022)

Identifiants

Citer

Carlos Santos, Carlos Velasquez, Jesus Esteban, Leticia Fernandez, Emmanuel Mandonnet, et al.. Transopercular Insular Approach, Overcoming the Training Curve Using a Cadaveric Simulation Model: 2-Dimensional Operative Video. Operative Neurosurgery, 2021, 21 (6), pp.E561-E562. ⟨10.1093/ons/opab342⟩. ⟨hal-03648458⟩
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