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Article Dans Une Revue Frontiers in Public Health Année : 2021

French Version of the Antiphasic Digits-in-Noise Test for Smartphone Hearing Screening

Résumé

In France 58% of persons with hearing loss still do not wear hearing aids. Pure-tone audiometry is the traditional gold standard in assessment and screening of hearing impairment, but it requires the use of calibrated devices and soundproof booth. The antiphasic digits-in-noise (DIN) test does not require calibrated material and can run on a standard headset or earbuds connected to a smartphone or a computer. The DIN test is highly correlated with pure tone audiometry and has already shown to be effective in hearing loss screening in its English version promoted by the WHO. The aim of the present study was to develop and validate a French version of the antiphasic DIN test for implementation on a national screening test offered as a smartphone app. The audio files recorded from a French native female speaker were selected and normalized in intensity according to their recognition probability. The French DIN test application was then tested on normal hearing- and hearing-impaired subjects. Based on the strong correlation between pure tone audiometry (PTA) and DIN SRT, we calculated ROC curves and Z-score. For PTA > 20 dB HL, a SNR cutoff of 12.9 dB corresponds to a sensitivity and specificity of 0.96 and 0.93, respectively. To detect moderate and more severe hearing loss (PTA > 40 dB HL), the SNR cutoff was −10.9 dB, corresponding to a sensitivity and specificity of 0.99 and 0.83, respectively. The Z-score was calculated to define statistical criteria of normality for speech-in-noise evaluation. While a score of 0 roughly corresponds to the normality (DIN SRT = −15.4 dB SNR), a subject with DIN SRT > −12.2 (Z-score > 2) is ranked in the hearing loss population. Next, the French antiphasic DIN test was implemented in the Höra iOS and Android apps. In total, 19,545 Höra tests were completed and analyzed. Three quarters of them were classified as normal (74 %) and one quarter presented mild (9%) or more severe loss (17%). Together, results argue for the use of the French version of antiphasic DIN test in the general population to improve the screening of hearing-impaired individuals.
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hal-03646961 , version 1 (20-04-2022)

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Jean-Charles Ceccato, Marie-Josée Duran, de Wet Swanepoel, Cas Smits, Karina de Sousa, et al.. French Version of the Antiphasic Digits-in-Noise Test for Smartphone Hearing Screening. Frontiers in Public Health, 2021, 9, pp.725080. ⟨10.3389/fpubh.2021.725080⟩. ⟨hal-03646961⟩
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