Lung Fibrosis Is Improved by Extracellular Vesicles from IFNγ-Primed Mesenchymal Stromal Cells in Murine Systemic Sclerosis - Université de Montpellier Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Cells Année : 2021

Lung Fibrosis Is Improved by Extracellular Vesicles from IFNγ-Primed Mesenchymal Stromal Cells in Murine Systemic Sclerosis

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Background: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a severe autoimmune disease for which mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs)-based therapy was reported to reduce SSc-related symptoms in pre-clinical studies. Recently, extracellular vesicles released by MSCs (MSC-EVs) were shown to mediate most of their therapeutic effect. Here, we aimed at improving their efficacy by increasing the MSC-EV dose or by IFNγ-priming of MSCs. Methods: small size (ssEVs) and large size EVs (lsEVs) were recovered from murine MSCs that were pre-activated using 1 or 20 ng/mL of IFNγ. In the HOCl-induced model of SSc, mice were treated with EVs at day 21 and sacrificed at day 42. Lung and skin samples were collected for histological and molecular analyses. Results: increasing the dose of MSC-EVs did not add benefit to the dose previously reported to be efficient in SSc. By contrast, IFNγ pre-activation improved MSC-EVs-based treatment, essentially in the lungs. Low doses of IFNγ decreased the expression of fibrotic markers, while high doses improved remodeling and anti-inflammatory markers. IFNγ pre-activation upregulated iNos, IL1ra and Il6 in MSCs and ssEVs and the PGE2 protein in lsEVs. Conclusion: IFNγ-pre-activation improved the therapeutic effect of MSC-EVs preferentially in the lungs of SSc mice by modulating anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic markers.
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hal-03639272 , version 1 (12-04-2022)

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Pauline Rozier, Marie Maumus, Alexandre Thibault Jacques Maria, Karine Toupet, Christian Jorgensen, et al.. Lung Fibrosis Is Improved by Extracellular Vesicles from IFNγ-Primed Mesenchymal Stromal Cells in Murine Systemic Sclerosis. Cells, 2021, 10 (10), pp.2727. ⟨10.3390/cells10102727⟩. ⟨hal-03639272⟩
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