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Article Dans Une Revue Revue Neurologique Année : 2021

A regional strategy to decrease the time to thrombectomy in patients with low probability of treatment by thrombolysis

I. Mourand
C. Dargazanli
X. Ayrignac
F. Jacob
  • Fonction : Auteur
C. Sayad
  • Fonction : Auteur
I. Derraz
C. Arquizan

Résumé

Background and purpose: The best transportation strategy for patients with suspected large vessel occlusion (LVO) is unknown. Here, we evaluated a new regional strategy of direct transportation to a Comprehensive Stroke Center (CSC) for patients with suspected LVO and low probability of receiving intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) at the nearest Primary Stroke Center (PSC). Methods: Patients could be directly transported to the CSC (bypass group) if they met our pre-hospital bypass criteria: high LVO probability (i.e., severe hemiplegia) with low IVT probability (contraindications) and/or travel time difference between CSC and PSC<15 minutes. The other patients were transported to the PSC according to a "drip-and-ship" strategy. Treatment time metrics were compared in patients with pre-hospital bypass criteria and confirmed LVO in the bypass and drip-and-ship groups. Results: In the bypass group (n=79), 54/79 (68.3%) patients met the bypass criteria and 29 (36.7%) had confirmed LVO. The positive predictive value of the hemiplegia criterion for LVO detection was 0.49. In the drip-and-ship group (n=457), 92/457 (20.1%) patients with confirmed LVO met our bypass criteria. Among the 121 patients with bypass criteria and confirmed LVO, direct routing decreased the time between symptom discovery and groin puncture by 55 minutes compared with the drip-and-ship strategy (325 vs. 229 minutes, P<0.001), without significantly increasing the time to IVT (P=0.19). Conclusions: Our regional strategy led to the correct identification of LVO and a significant decrease of the time to mechanical thrombectomy, without increasing the time to IVT, and could be easily implemented in other territories.
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Dates et versions

hal-03636837 , version 1 (11-04-2022)

Identifiants

Citer

A. ter Schiphorst, Claire Duflos, I. Mourand, N. Gaillard, C. Dargazanli, et al.. A regional strategy to decrease the time to thrombectomy in patients with low probability of treatment by thrombolysis. Revue Neurologique, 2021, ⟨10.1016/j.neurol.2021.11.001⟩. ⟨hal-03636837⟩

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