EGFR-dependent mechanisms of resistance to osimertinib determined by ctDNA NGS analysis identify patients with better outcome - Université de Montpellier Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Translational Lung Cancer Research Année : 2021

EGFR-dependent mechanisms of resistance to osimertinib determined by ctDNA NGS analysis identify patients with better outcome

Résumé

Background: Osimertinib is an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) that is highly selective for EGFR T790M subclones in patients with EGFR sensitizing non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Unfortunately, all patients develop resistance through EGFR-dependent or EGFR-independent pathways. Recently, circulating tumoral DNA (ctDNA) analysis has highlighted the usefulness of plasma genotyping for exploring patient survival outcomes after disease progression under osimertinib. Methods: Plasma samples from patients treated with osimertinib as a second-line therapy were collected and the presence of molecular alterations of acquired resistance was evaluated after relapse under osimertinib using ctDNA molecular profiling by next-generation sequencing (NGS) assays. The clinical implications of these genomic alterations for the efficiency of the third-generation TKI were further assessed. Results: Our ctDNA molecular profiling of plasma samples highlighted large number of actionable genomic alterations. According to ctDNA NGS results, patients were classified as having developed an EGFR-dependent or EGFR-independent mechanism of resistance. Thus, patients who developed an EGFR-dependent mechanism of resistance responded longer to osimertinib (13.8 vs. 4.6 months; P<10-4) and have a better post-osimertinib clinical outcome than EGFR-independent resistant patients. Moreover, the development of an EGFR-dependent mechanism of osimertinib resistance was identified as the best fit to determine patients' clinical outcome compared with EGFR T790M status alone (P=0.003). Conclusions: Our study highlights the potential of ctDNA NGS to rapidly select the appropriate drug after osimertinib failure and to determine clinical outcomes of patients. We suggest that ctDNA NGS should be more intensively used in clinical practice to follow patients under third-generation TKIs.
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hal-03632592 , version 1 (06-04-2022)

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Paternité - Pas d'utilisation commerciale - Pas de modification

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Julie Vendrell, Xavier Quantin, Audrey Aussel, Isabelle Solassol, Isabelle Serre, et al.. EGFR-dependent mechanisms of resistance to osimertinib determined by ctDNA NGS analysis identify patients with better outcome. Translational Lung Cancer Research, 2021, 10 (11), pp.4084-4094. ⟨10.21037/tlcr-21-679⟩. ⟨hal-03632592⟩
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