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Isoxazolidine: A Privileged Scaffold for Organic and Medicinal Chemistry

Abstract : The isoxazolidine ring represents one of the privileged structures in medicinal chemistry, and there have been an increasing number of studies on isoxazolidine and isoxazolidine-containing compounds. Optimization of the 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition (1,3-DC), original methods including electrophilic or palladium-mediated cyclization of unsaturated hydroxylamine, has been developed to obtain isoxazolidines. Novel reactions involving the isoxazolidine ring have been highlighted to accomplish total synthesis or to obtain bioactive compounds, one of the most significant examples being probably the thermic ring contraction applied to the total synthesis of (±)-Gelsemoxonine. The unique isoxazolidine scaffold also exhibits an impressive potential as a mimic of nucleosides, carbohydrates, PNA, amino acids, and steroid analogs. This review aims to be a comprehensive and general summary of the different isoxazolidine syntheses, their use as starting building blocks for the preparation of natural compounds, and their main biological activities.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-03572301
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Soumis le : lundi 14 février 2022 - 11:11:21
Dernière modification le : vendredi 5 août 2022 - 10:37:35

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Mathéo Berthet, Thomas Cheviet, Gilles Dujardin, Isabelle Parrot, Jean Martinez. Isoxazolidine: A Privileged Scaffold for Organic and Medicinal Chemistry. Chemical Reviews, 2016, 116 (24), pp.15235-15283. ⟨10.1021/acs.chemrev.6b00543⟩. ⟨hal-03572301⟩

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