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Article Dans Une Revue Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters Année : 2013

Further characterization of a putative serine protease contributing to the γ-secretase cleavage of β-amyloid precursor protein

Résumé

The 3-alkoxy-7-amino-4-chloro-isocoumarins JLK-6 and JLK-2 have been shown to markedly reduce the production of Amyloid β-peptide (Aβ) by Amyloid-β Precursor Protein (APP) expressing HEK293 cells by affecting the γ-secretase cleavage of APP, with no effect on the cleavage of the Notch receptor. This suggested that these compounds do not directly inhibit the presenilin-dependent γ-secretase complex but more likely interfere with an upstream target involved in γ-secretase-associated pathway. The mechanism of action of these compounds is unknown and there are high fundamental and therapeutical interests to unravel their target. Isocoumarin compounds were previously shown to behave as potent mechanism-based irreversible inhibitors of serine proteases, suggesting that the JLK-directed target could belong to such enzyme family. To get further insight into structure-activity relationships and to develop more potent isocoumarin derivatives, we have synthesized and evaluated a series of isocoumarin analogues with modifications at positions 3, 4 and 7. In particular, the 7-amino group was substituted with either acyl, urethane, alkyl or aryl groups, which could represent additional interaction sites. Altogether, the results highlighted the essential integrity of the 3-alkoxy-7-amino-4-chloro-isocoumarin scaffold for Aβ-lowering activity and supported the involvement of a serine protease, or may be more generally, a serine hydrolase. The newly reported 7-N-alkyl series produced the most active compounds with an IC(50) between 10 and 30μM. Finally, we also explored peptide boronates, a series of reversible serine protease inhibitors, previously shown to also lower cellular Aβ production. The presented data suggested they could act on the same target or interfere with the same pathway as isocoumarins derivatives.

Domaines

Chimie

Dates et versions

hal-03563284 , version 1 (09-02-2022)

Identifiants

Citer

Marine Peuchmaur, Marie-Agnès Lacour, Jean Sévalle, Vincent Lisowski, Youness Touati-Jallabe, et al.. Further characterization of a putative serine protease contributing to the γ-secretase cleavage of β-amyloid precursor protein. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters, 2013, 21 (4), pp.1018-1029. ⟨10.1016/j.bmc.2012.11.045⟩. ⟨hal-03563284⟩
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