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Hydrogen generation from a sodium borohydride–nickel core@shell structure under hydrolytic conditions

Abstract : Sodium borohydride (NaBH4) is an attractive hydrogen carrier owing to its reactivity with water: it can generate 4 equivalents of H2 by hydrolysis (NaBH4 + 4H2O → NaB(OH)4 + 4H2). Since using NaBH4 in the solid state is the most favorable way to achieve a high gravimetric hydrogen storage capacity (theoretical maximum of 7.3 wt%), we have investigated the possibility of developing a core@shell nanocomposite (NaBH4@Ni) where a metallic nickel catalyst facilitating the hydrolysis is directly supported onto NaBH4 nanoparticles. Following our initial work on core–shell hydrides, the successful preparation of NaBH4@Ni has been confirmed by TEM, EDS, IR, XRD and XPS. During hydrolysis, the intimately combined Ni0 and NaBH4 allow the production of H2 at high rates (e.g. 6.1 L min−1 g−1 at 39 °C) when water is used in excess. After H2 generation, the spent fuel is composed of an aqueous solution of NaB(OH)4 and a nickel-based agglomerated material in the form of Ni(OH)2 as evidenced by TEM, XPS and XRD. The effective gravimetric hydrogen storage capacity of nanosized NaBH4@Ni has been optimized by adjusting the required amount of water for hydrolysis and an effective hydrogen capacity of 4.4 wt% has been achieved. This is among the best reported values.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-03544928
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Soumis le : jeudi 16 juin 2022 - 11:50:20
Dernière modification le : vendredi 5 août 2022 - 11:01:09

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Qiwen Lai, Damien Alligier, Kondo-François Aguey-Zinsou, Umit Demirci. Hydrogen generation from a sodium borohydride–nickel core@shell structure under hydrolytic conditions. Nanoscale Advances, RSC, 2019, 1 (7), pp.2707-2717. ⟨10.1039/C9NA00037B⟩. ⟨hal-03544928⟩

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