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Article Dans Une Revue Genome Research Année : 2015

Origin and domestication of papaya Y-h chromosome

Ming-Li Wang
  • Fonction : Auteur
Francis Zee
  • Fonction : Auteur
Paul H. Moore
  • Fonction : Auteur


Sex in papaya is controlled by a pair of nascent sex chromosomes. Females are XX, and two slightly different Y chromosomes distinguish males (XY) and hermaphrodites (XY h ). The hermaphrodite-specific region of the Y h chromosome (HSY) and its X chromosome counterpart were sequenced and analyzed previously. We now report the sequence of the entire male-specific region of the Y (MSY). We used a BAC-by-BAC approach to sequence the MSY and resequence the Y regions of 24 wild males and the Y h regions of 12 cultivated hermaphrodites. The MSY and HSY regions have highly similar gene content and structure, and only 0.4% sequence divergence. The MSY sequences from wild males include three distinct haplotypes, associated with the populations’ geographic locations, but gene flow is detected for other genomic regions. The Y h sequence is highly similar to one Y haplotype (MSY3) found only in wild dioecious populations from the north Pacific region of Costa Rica. The low MSY3-Y h divergence supports the hypothesis that hermaphrodite papaya is a product of human domestication. We estimate that Y h arose only ∼4000 yr ago, well after crop plant domestication in Mesoamerica >6200 yr ago but coinciding with the rise of the Maya civilization. The Y h chromosome has lower nucleotide diversity than the Y, or the genome regions that are not fully sex-linked, consistent with a domestication bottleneck. The identification of the ancestral MSY3 haplotype will expedite investigation of the mutation leading to the domestication of the hermaphrodite Y h chromosome. In turn, this mutation should identify the gene that was affected by the carpel-suppressing mutation that was involved in the evolution of males.
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hal-03479048 , version 1 (14-12-2021)


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Robert Vanburen, Fanchang Zeng, Cuixia Chen, Jisen Zhang, Ching Man Wai, et al.. Origin and domestication of papaya Y-h chromosome. Genome Research, 2015, 25 (4), pp.524-533. ⟨10.1101/gr.183905.114⟩. ⟨hal-03479048⟩
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