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Automatic underwater fish species classification with limited data using few-shot learning

Abstract : Underwater cameras are widely used to monitor marine biodiversity, and the trend is increasing due to the availability of cheap action cameras. The main bottleneck of video methods now resides in the manual processing of images, a time-consuming task requiring trained experts. Recently, several solutions based on Deep Learning (DL) have been proposed to automatically process underwater videos. The main limitation of such algorithms is that they require thousands of annotated images in order to learn to discriminate classes (here species). This limitation implies two issues: 1) the annotation of hundreds of common species requires a lot of efforts 2) many species are too rare to gather enough data to train a classic DL algorithm. Here, we propose to explore how fewshot learning (FSL), an emerging research field, could overcome DL limitations. Few-shot learning is based on the principle of training a Deep Learning algorithm on "how to learn a new classification problem with only few images". In our case-study, we assess the robustness of FSL to discriminate 20 coral reef fish species with a range of training databases from 1 image per class to 30 images per class, and compare FSL to a classic DL approach with thousands of images per class. We found that FSL outperform classic DL approach in situations where annotated images are limited, yet still providing good classification accuracy.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-03415715
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Soumis le : lundi 22 novembre 2021 - 11:17:34
Dernière modification le : vendredi 1 avril 2022 - 03:48:05
Archivage à long terme le : : mercredi 23 février 2022 - 18:38:43

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Sebastien Villon, Corina Iovan, Morgan Mangeas, Thomas Claverie, David Mouillot, et al.. Automatic underwater fish species classification with limited data using few-shot learning. Ecological Informatics, Elsevier, 2021, 63, pp.101320. ⟨10.1016/j.ecoinf.2021.101320⟩. ⟨hal-03415715⟩

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