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Article Dans Une Revue Bulletin of Japan Fisheries Research and Education Agency Année : 2021

Oyster aquaculture using seagrass beds as a climate change countermeasure

Résumé

Abstract: In the framework of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) led by the United Nations, coastal management methods are required to achieve both sustainable food production and environmental conservation as a climate change countermeasure. Oyster farming is an important food production method now being developed in coastal areas around the world. Recently, climate change has caused several negative effects on oyster aquaculture such as poor spat collection due to oligotrophication, ocean acidification, and poor spat growth and survival due to frequent anoxic events derived from high seawater temperature. The oysters cultivated in many regions of the world are intertidal species inhabiting intertidal zones such as sandy/muddy tidal flats and estuaries, where seagrass beds are often distributed in adjacent lower intertidal and subtidal areas. Seagrass vegetation is one of the most important ecosystems functioning as a countermeasure for global climate change. Not only does it mitigate greenhouse gas emissions by sequestration and storage of blue carbon derived from atmospheric CO2, but it also functions as an adaptation measure providing a buffering function against ocean acidification and water quality improvement. Based on the concept of aquaculture supported by natural ecosystem interactions between oysters and seagrass beds, our project examined whether aquaculture techniques that take into account both mitigation and adaptation to climate change are effective for both sustainable use of coastal areas and environmental conservation. We conducted field experiments in both the French Mediterranean Sea and the Seto Inland Sea of Japan to clarify the effect of eelgrass beds on (1) natural oyster spat collection and (2) growth and survival of oyster spat...
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Dates et versions

hal-03413529 , version 1 (03-11-2021)

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  • HAL Id : hal-03413529 , version 1

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Masakazu Hori, Masami Hamaguchi, Masaaki Sato, Réjean Tremblay, Alana Correia-Martins, et al.. Oyster aquaculture using seagrass beds as a climate change countermeasure. Bulletin of Japan Fisheries Research and Education Agency, 2021, 50, pp.123--133. ⟨hal-03413529⟩
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