Importance of various marine coastal habitats during the life cycle of Spratelloides delicatulus in Con Dao, the oldest MPA in Vietnam - Université de Montpellier Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems Année : 2020

Importance of various marine coastal habitats during the life cycle of Spratelloides delicatulus in Con Dao, the oldest MPA in Vietnam

Manh Hung Pham
Minh Phong Le
  • Fonction : Auteur
Bich Thao T. Vo
  • Fonction : Auteur
Duc Huy Hoang

Résumé

1.Marine protected areas (MPAs) are set up to conserve biodiversity, but their design is not always based on strictly scientific considerations. Ideally, an MPA should protect all key habitats necessary for a marine species to complete its life cycle. The identification of these key habitats is complex, especially during the early life of marine fishes. 2.A widely distributed tropical and important low trophic-level fish species, Spratelloides delicatulus (Clupeidae), was used to evaluate the significance of various coastal habitats for its larvae and juveniles in the Con Dao Archipelago MPA in Vietnam. Early stages (larvae and juveniles) were sampled monthly over one year (June 2016 to May 2017) using light traps in three main habitats (seagrass beds, coral reefs and harbour). The species was identified using morphometry and DNA barcoding. Age and growth variables were estimated using otolith daily growth increments. 3.A total of 3,581 fish were caught. The species was not found in captures between January and February, directly linked to the decrease in seawater temperature and was most abundant from April to June. For a subsample of 248 fish (7–38 mm standard length), ages ranged from 7 to 108 days. 4.Captures and back-calculated birthdates using otolith daily increments showed that S. delicatulus spawns during the period of high seawater temperature, from March to October. The species colonizes all three habitats during the early stages (0–26 days old), with growth rate lowest on the seagrass beds. Nevertheless, the species occupies seagrass beds exclusively during the older stages. 5.The conservation of seagrass beds in the Con Dao archipelago is essential for protection of juvenile stages of this species but this habitat is presently not included in the MPA patches. Establishment of a continuum of protected areas linking habitats, rather than the existing patches is needed to conserve the complete life cycle of this species in the Con Dao MPA.
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hal-03411054 , version 1 (17-03-2023)

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Manh Hung Pham, Jean-Dominique Durand, Minh Phong Le, Bich Thao T. Vo, Duc Huy Hoang, et al.. Importance of various marine coastal habitats during the life cycle of Spratelloides delicatulus in Con Dao, the oldest MPA in Vietnam. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 2020, ⟨10.1002/aqc.3361⟩. ⟨hal-03411054⟩
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