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Article Dans Une Revue Science Advances Année : 2020

Functional diversity of marine megafauna in the Anthropocene

C. Pimiento
  • Fonction : Auteur
D. Silvestro
  • Fonction : Auteur
J. S. Lefcheck
  • Fonction : Auteur
C. Albouy
D. B. Rasher
  • Fonction : Auteur
M. Davis
  • Fonction : Auteur
J. N. Griffin
  • Fonction : Auteur

Résumé

Marine megafauna, the largest animals in the oceans, serve key roles in ecosystem functioning. Yet, one-third of these animals are at risk of extinction. To better understand the potential consequences of megafaunal loss, here we quantify their current functional diversity, predict future changes under different extinction scenarios, and introduce a new metric [functionally unique, specialized and endangered (FUSE)] that identifies threatened species of particular importance for functional diversity. Simulated extinction scenarios forecast marked declines in functional richness if current trajectories are maintained during the next century (11% globally; up to 24% regionally), with more marked reductions (48% globally; up to 70% at the poles) beyond random expectations if all threatened species eventually go extinct. Among the megafaunal groups, sharks will incur a disproportionate loss of functional richness. We identify top FUSE species and suggest a renewed focus on these species to preserve the ecosystem functions provided by marine megafauna. Threatened marine megafauna have larger-than-expected contributions to functional diversity; a new index identifies key species. Threatened marine megafauna have larger-than-expected contributions to functional diversity; a new index identifies key species.
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Dates et versions

hal-03411051 , version 1 (17-12-2021)

Licence

Paternité - Pas d'utilisation commerciale

Identifiants

Citer

C. Pimiento, F. Leprieur, D. Silvestro, J. S. Lefcheck, C. Albouy, et al.. Functional diversity of marine megafauna in the Anthropocene. Science Advances , 2020, 6 (16), pp.eaay7650. ⟨10.1126/sciadv.aay7650⟩. ⟨hal-03411051⟩
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