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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Evolutionary Biology Année : 2021

Assortative mating can help adaptation of flowering time to a changing climate: Insights from a polygenic model

Résumé

Several empirical studies report fast evolutionary changes in flowering time in re-sponse to contemporary climate change. Flowering time is a polygenic trait under as-sortative mating, since flowering time of mates must overlap. Here, we test whether assortative mating, compared with random mating, can help better track a changing climate. For each mating pattern, our individual- based model simulates a popula-tion evolving in a climate characterized by stabilizing selection around an optimal flowering time, which can change directionally and/or fluctuate. We also derive new analytical predictions from a quantitative genetics model for the expected genetic variance at equilibrium, and its components, the lag of the population to the optimum and the population mean fitness. We compare these predictions between assortative and random mating, and to our simulation results. Assortative mating, compared with random mating, has antagonistic effects on genetic variance: it generates positive as-sociations among similar allelic effects, which inflates the genetic variance, but it de-creases genetic polymorphism, which depresses the genetic variance. In a stationary environment with substantial stabilizing selection, assortative mating affects little the genetic variance compared with random mating. In a changing climate, assorta-tive mating however increases genetic variance compared to random mating, which diminishes the lag of the population to the optimum, and in most scenarios translates into a fitness advantage relative to random mating. The magnitude of this fitness advantage depends on the extent to which genetic variance limits adaptation, being larger for faster environmental changes and weaker stabilizing selection.
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hal-03394567 , version 1 (22-10-2021)

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Paternité - Pas d'utilisation commerciale - Pas de modification

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Claire Godineau, Ophélie Ronce, Celine Devaux. Assortative mating can help adaptation of flowering time to a changing climate: Insights from a polygenic model. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 2021, ⟨10.1111/jeb.13786⟩. ⟨hal-03394567⟩
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