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Mitochondrial morphology is associated with respiratory chain uncoupling in autism spectrum disorder

Abstract : Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is associated with unique changes in mitochondrial metabolism, including elevated respiration rates and morphological alterations. We examined electron transport chain (ETC) complex activity in fibroblasts derived from 18 children with ASD as well as mitochondrial morphology measurements in fibroblasts derived from the ASD participants and four typically developing controls. In ASD participants, symptoms severity was measured by the Social Responsiveness Scale and Aberrant Behavior Checklist. Mixed-model regression demonstrated that alterations in mitochondrial morphology were associated with both ETC Complex I+III and IV activity as well as the difference between ETC Complex I+III and IV activity. The subgroup of ASD participants with relative elevation in Complex IV activity demonstrated more typical mitochondrial morphology and milder ASD related symptoms. This study is limited by sample size given the invasive nature of obtaining fibroblasts from children. Furthermore, since mitochondrial function is heterogenous across tissues, the result may be specific to fibroblast respiration. Previous studies have separately described elevated ETC Complex IV activity and changes in mitochondrial morphology in cells derived from children with ASD but this is the first study to link these two findings in mitochondrial metabolism. The association between a difference in ETC complex I+III and IV activity and normal morphology suggests that mitochondrial in individuals with ASD may require ETC uncoupling to function optimally. Further studies should assess the molecular mechanisms behind these unique metabolic changes. Trial registration: Protocols used in this study were registered in clinicaltrials.gov as NCT02000284 and NCT02003170.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-03388170
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Soumis le : mercredi 20 octobre 2021 - 11:41:12
Dernière modification le : jeudi 19 mai 2022 - 15:56:02
Archivage à long terme le : : vendredi 21 janvier 2022 - 19:38:13

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Richard E Frye, Loïc Lionnard, Indrapal Singh, Mohammad A Karim, Hanane Chajra, et al.. Mitochondrial morphology is associated with respiratory chain uncoupling in autism spectrum disorder. Translational Psychiatry, Nature Pub. Group, 2021, 11 (1), pp.527. ⟨10.1038/s41398-021-01647-6⟩. ⟨hal-03388170⟩

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