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Article Dans Une Revue Gynécologie Obstétrique Fertilité & Sénologie Année : 2021

[Assessment of genital microbiota: An emerging approach in assisted reproductive techniques].

Évaluation du microbiote génital : une approche émergente en assistance médicale à la procréation

Résumé

The genital microbiota actively participates in women's reproductive health. Indeed, a genital dysbiosis (microbial imbalance associated with adverse effects on host health) can lead to vaginal infections (such as mycoses or bacterial vaginosis). Recent data reported that genital dysbiosis (e.g. vaginal or endometrial) was associated with fewer chances of live births in assisted reproductive technologies (ART), via decreased pregnancy rates and an increased risk of miscarriages. The presence or diversity of certain bacterial strains (in particular Gardenellavaginalis, Proteobacteria, Lactobacillusjensenii, Lactobacilluscrispatus or Atopobiumvaginae) within the genital microbiota seem to be associated with the outcomes of ART cycles, suggesting new approaches to improve ART results. In this review, we aim at presenting the state of art on the association between the female genital microbiota and ART success. The diagnostic and therapeutic approaches (i.e. probiotics, antibiotic therapy and transplantation of vaginal microbiota) in the management of patients with altered microbiota will also be discussed. The confirmation of these data in the coming years could significantly improve the management of infertile patients in ART with a more personalized approach partially based on the female genital microbiotic profile.
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Dates et versions

hal-03368123 , version 1 (10-03-2023)

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Paternité - Pas d'utilisation commerciale

Identifiants

Citer

C. Mauries, N. Ranisavljevic, R. Gallet, A. Fournier, A. Gala, et al.. Évaluation du microbiote génital : une approche émergente en assistance médicale à la procréation. Gynécologie Obstétrique Fertilité & Sénologie, 2021, 49 (3), pp.185-192. ⟨10.1016/j.gofs.2020.07.005⟩. ⟨hal-03368123⟩
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