Narcolepsy with cataplexy: Does age at diagnosis change the clinical picture? - Université de Montpellier Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue CNS Neuroscience and Therapeutics Année : 2020

Narcolepsy with cataplexy: Does age at diagnosis change the clinical picture?

Résumé

Objective: To compare symptoms and sleep characteristics in patients diagnosed with narcolepsy-cataplexy (NC) before and after the age of 18 years. Methods: De novo patients with NC diagnosis completed a standardized questionnaire and interview, followed by a sleep study. The clinical and sleep measures were compared between patients diagnosed before (46 children, median age: 12 year old) and after (46 adults, median age: 28.5 year old) 18 years of age. Results: The frequency of obesity (54% vs 17%), night eating (29% vs 7%), parasomnia (89% vs 43%), sleep talking (80% vs 34%), and sleep drunkenness (69% vs 24%) were higher in children than in adults, the frequency of sleep paralysis was lower (20% vs 55%) but the frequency of cataplexy and the severity of sleepiness were not different. Children scored higher than adults at the attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) scale. Depressive feelings affected not differently children (24%) and adults (32%). However, adults had lower quality of life than children. There was no difference between groups for insomnia and fatigue scores. Quality of life was essentially impacted by depressive feelings in both children and adults. Obstructive apnea-hypopnea index (OAHI) was lower in children with higher mean and minimal oxygen saturation than in adults. No between-group differences were found at the multiple sleep latency test. The body mass index (z-score) was correlated with OAHI (r = .32). Conclusion: At time of NC diagnosis, children have more frequent obesity, night eating, parasomnia, sleep talking, drunkenness, and ADHD symptoms than adults, even if sleepiness and cataplexy do not differ. These differences should be considered to ensure a prompt diagnosis.
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hal-03367982 , version 1 (06-10-2021)

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Min Zhang, Clara Odilia Inocente, Carine Villanueva, Michel Lecendreux, Yves Dauvilliers, et al.. Narcolepsy with cataplexy: Does age at diagnosis change the clinical picture?. CNS Neuroscience and Therapeutics, 2020, 26 (10), pp.1092-1102. ⟨10.1111/cns.13438⟩. ⟨hal-03367982⟩
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