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Article Dans Une Revue Liver Transplantation Année : 2019

Natural History of Recurrent Alcohol‐Related Cirrhosis After Liver Transplantation: Fast and Furious

Jérôme Dumortier

Résumé

Alcohol-related liver disease (ALD) is one of the main indications for liver transplantation (LT). Severe alcohol relapse can rapidly lead to recurrent alcohol-related cirrhosis (RAC) for the graft. The aim of this study was to describe the natural history of RAC and the overall survival after LT and after an RAC diagnosis. From 1992 to 2012, 812 patients underwent primary LT for ALD in 5 French transplant centers. All patients with severe alcohol relapse and an RAC diagnosis on the graft were included. The diagnosis of cirrhosis was based on the analysis of liver biopsy or on the association of clinical, biological, radiological, and/or endoscopic features of cirrhosis. RAC was diagnosed in 57/162 patients (35.2%) with severe alcohol relapse, and 31 (54.4%) of those patients had at least 1 episode of liver decompensation. The main types of decompensation were ascites (70.9%), jaundice (58.0%), and hepatic encephalopathy (9.6%). The cumulative probability of decompensation was 23.8% at 5 years, 50.1% at 10 years, and 69.9% at 15 years after LT. During the follow-up, 36 (63.2%) patients died, the main cause of death being liver failure (61.1%). After diagnosis of cirrhosis, the survival rate was 66.3% at 1 year, 37.8% at 5 years, and 20.6% at 10 years. In conclusion, RAC is associated with a high risk of liver decompensation and a poor prognosis. Prevention of severe alcohol relapse after LT is a major goal to improve patient survival.

Domaines

Cancer Chirurgie
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Dates et versions

hal-03367195 , version 1 (06-10-2021)

Identifiants

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Domitille Erard-Poinsot, Sébastien Dharancy, Marie-Noëlle Hilleret, Stéphanie Faure, Géraldine Lamblin, et al.. Natural History of Recurrent Alcohol‐Related Cirrhosis After Liver Transplantation: Fast and Furious. Liver Transplantation, 2019, 26 (1), pp.25-33. ⟨10.1002/lt.25647⟩. ⟨hal-03367195⟩
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