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Real-time continuous monitoring of injection pressure during peripheral nerve blocks in fresh cadavers

Abstract : Background: The incidence of unintentional intraneural injection while performing peripheral nerve block has been estimated to be 15% under real-time ultrasound guidance. Injection pressure increase may detect an intraneural injection. Real-time injection pressure changes throughout an entire nerve block procedure in relationship with needle tip location have never been reported. Methods: A new method was developed to precisely monitor the injection pressure curve during nerve blocks, based on a miniaturised Fabbri-Perrot pressure sensor. We tested in three fresh cadavers the ability of continuous pressure monitoring to discriminate between different tissues, as the injection pressure curve ascending slope, shape and plateau pressure value depend on tissue compliance. Injections of saline were performed by an electronic syringe pump with three different constant flow rates. Pressure was measured simultaneously at the tip and in the tubing of the needle. Results: At 10 mL/min injection flow, median peak injection pressure in the intraneural group at the needle tip was 315 mmHg, while at the perineural location it was 100 mmHg (p < 0.05). Median injection pressure was 95 mmHg in the intramuscular locations group, and 819 mmHg when a muscular fascia was indented (p < 0.05). A significant difference was noted for pressure measurements between the proximal port of the needle and the tip, 625 and 417 respectively. Conclusions: Based on significant differences in injection pressure values and curve shapes, the system was able to discriminate between four needle tip locations. This may help with needle tracking while performing a peripheral nerve block.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-03366220
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Soumis le : mardi 5 octobre 2021 - 15:35:35
Dernière modification le : jeudi 19 mai 2022 - 14:56:03

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Mathieu Capdevila, Andrea Saporito, Christian Quadri, Maxime Dick, Laura Cantini, et al.. Real-time continuous monitoring of injection pressure during peripheral nerve blocks in fresh cadavers. Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain Medicine, Elsevier Masson, 2020, 39 (5), pp.597-601. ⟨10.1016/j.accpm.2020.03.021⟩. ⟨hal-03366220⟩

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