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Article Dans Une Revue BMC Nephrology Année : 2020

Primary antiphospholipid syndrome associated with anti-phospholipase A2 receptor antibody-positive membranous nephropathy

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Background The kidney is a major target in primary antiphospholipid syndrome. Several types of nephropathy have been reported, the most frequent being acute or chronic specific vascular nephropathies and membranous nephropathy. Case presentation A 59-year-old male presented in our unit with nephrotic syndrome. He had a history of primary antiphospholipid syndrome with lupus anticoagulant treated with vitamin K antagonist therapy. On admission, antiphospholipid (lupus anticoagulant) and anti-PLA2R antibodies were positive. Screening for secondary etiologies was negative. In the context of primary antiphospholipid syndrome treated with vitamin K antagonist therapy, we did not perform a biopsy and we treated the patient with angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor. No remission was observed at 6 months with persistent anti-PLA2R antibodies while antiphospholipid antibody level became negative. Consequently, kidney biopsy was performed showing both membranous nephropathy with PLA2R in deposits on immunohistochemistry with IgG4 dominance and antiphospholipid syndrome chronic vascular nephropathy. Following that, treatment with rituximab was started with secondarily a decrease in serum PLA2R antibody levels and partial remission. Conclusion We report the first association between primary antiphospholipid syndrome and membranous nephropathy with anti-PLA2R antibodies. Our observations could suggest a causal link between primary antiphospholipid syndrome and PLA2R-related membranous nephropathy. Consequently, it would be interesting to screen for anti-PLA2R antibodies for further cases of nephrotic syndrome in patients with primary antiphospholipid syndrome and to search antiphospholipid antibodies in all membranous nephropathies.
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hal-03346861 , version 1 (16-09-2021)

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Maxime Teisseyre, Hélène Perrochia, Pascal Reboul, Sylvain Cariou, Sophie Renaud, et al.. Primary antiphospholipid syndrome associated with anti-phospholipase A2 receptor antibody-positive membranous nephropathy. BMC Nephrology, 2020, 21, pp.196. ⟨10.1186/s12882-020-01856-z⟩. ⟨hal-03346861⟩

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