UltraSound evaluation in follow-up of urate-lowering therapy in gout phase 2 (USEFUL-2): Duration of flare prophylaxis - Université de Montpellier Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Joint Bone Spine Année : 2020

UltraSound evaluation in follow-up of urate-lowering therapy in gout phase 2 (USEFUL-2): Duration of flare prophylaxis

Résumé

Objectives: To determine whether changes in ultrasonography (US) features of monosodium urate crystal deposition is associated with the number of gouty flares after stopping gout flare prophylaxis. Methods: We performed a 1-year multicentre prospective study including patients with proven gout and US features of gout. The first phase of the study was a 6-month US follow-up after starting urate-lowering therapy (ULT) with gout flare prophylaxis. After 6 months of ULT, gout flare prophylaxis was stopped, followed by a clinical follow-up (M6 to 12) and ULT was maintained. Outcomes were the proportion of relapsing patients between M6 and M12 according to changes of US features of gout and determining a threshold decrease in tophus size according to the probability of relapse. Results: We included 79 gouty patients [mean (±SD) age 61.8±14 years, 91% males, median disease duration 4 (IQR 1.5;10) years]. Among the 49 completers at M12, 23 (47%) experienced relapse. Decrease in tophus size ≥50% at M6 was more frequent without than with relapse (54% vs. 26%, P=0.049). On ROC curve analysis, a threshold decrease of 50.8% in tophus size had the best sensitivity/specificity ratio to predict relapse [AUC 0.649 (95% confidence interval 0.488; 0.809)]. Probability of relapse was increased for patients with a decrease in tophus size <50% between M0 and M6 [OR 3.35 (95% confidence interval 0.98; 11.44)]. Conclusion: A high reduction in US tophus size is associated with lower probability of relapse after stopping gout prophylaxis. US follow-up may be useful for managing ULT and gout flare prophylaxis.

Dates et versions

hal-03338253 , version 1 (08-09-2021)

Identifiants

Citer

Esther Ebstein, Marine Forien, Eleonora Norkuviene, Pascal Richette, Gaël Mouterde, et al.. UltraSound evaluation in follow-up of urate-lowering therapy in gout phase 2 (USEFUL-2): Duration of flare prophylaxis. Joint Bone Spine, 2020, 87 (6), pp.647-651. ⟨10.1016/j.jbspin.2020.09.014⟩. ⟨hal-03338253⟩
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