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Article Dans Une Revue Langmuir Année : 2021

Molecular Forces in Liquid–Liquid Extraction

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Résumé

The phase transfer of ions is driven by gradients of chemical potentials rather than concentrations alone (i.e., by both the molecular forces and entropy). Extraction is a combination of high-energy interactions that correspond to short-range forces in the first solvation shell such as ion pairing or complexation forces, with supramolecular and nanoscale organization. While the latter are similar to the long-range solvent-averaged interactions in the colloidal world, in solvent extraction they are associated with lower characteristic lengths of the nanometric domain. Modeling of such complex systems is especially complicated because the two domains are coupled, whereas the resulting free energy of extraction is around kBT to guarantee the reversibility of the practical process. Nevertheless, quantification is possible by considering a partitioning of space among the polar cores, interfacial film, and solvent. The resulting free energy of transfer can be rationalized by utilizing a combination of terms which represent strong complexation energies, counterbalanced by various entropic effects and the confinement of polar solutes in nanodomains dispersed in the diluent, together with interfacial extractant terms. We describe here this ienaics approach in the context of solvent extraction systems; it can also be applied to further complex ionic systems, such as membranes and biological interfaces.
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Dates et versions

hal-03325911 , version 1 (25-08-2021)

Identifiants

Citer

Mario Špadina, Jean-François Dufrêche, S Pellet-Rostaing, Stjepan Marčelja, Thomas Zemb. Molecular Forces in Liquid–Liquid Extraction. Langmuir, 2021, 37 (36), pp.10637-10656. ⟨10.1021/acs.langmuir.1c00673⟩. ⟨hal-03325911⟩
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