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Article dans une revue

Melanotransferrin is efficiently sorted on the surface of exosomes secreted by melanoma cells

Abstract : Cutaneous melanoma is the most lethal type of skin cancer. Early detection is crucial to improve the outcome of melanoma patients. The identification of noninvasive prognostic biomarkers for the follow-up of melanoma patients is still in demand for clinical use. We show here that exosomal melanotransferrin fulfills the biomarker characteristics required to meet this demand. Melanotransferrin is typically overexpressed in melanoma cells compared to other cell types - including cancer cells - and is efficiently sorted and secreted with nanovesicles, or so-called exosomes, due to its membrane-anchoring by a glycosylphosphatidylinositol. Melanotransferrin is exposed on the surface of exosomes and is accessible for antibody recognition. An ELISA was set up to quantify melanotransferrin after immobilization of nanovesicles through the exosomal constituent tetraspanins CD63. Melanotransferrin was detected using a low number of exosomes purified from melanoma cell line cultures, and melanotransferrin detection was abolished by phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C treatment. This exosomal melanotransferrin ELISA was able to discriminate an equal number of assayed exosomes purified from two different melanoma cell lines (A-375 vs. SK-MEL-28). Moreover, plasma samples from patients with melanoma and noncancer disease were assayed using this ELISA and elevated levels of exosomal melanotransferrin were seen in the plasma of patients with melanoma. We propose that exosomal melanotransferrin should be assessed as a potential melanoma biomarker.
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Soumis le : jeudi 22 juillet 2021 - 12:49:19
Dernière modification le : lundi 16 mai 2022 - 17:44:28



Anne Bonhoure, Laurent Henry, Marie Morille, Nesrine Aissaoui, Gaëtan Bellot, et al.. Melanotransferrin is efficiently sorted on the surface of exosomes secreted by melanoma cells. Melanoma Research, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2021, 31, pp.338-351. ⟨10.1097/CMR.0000000000000741⟩. ⟨hal-03295843⟩



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