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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Asthma and Allergy Année : 2020

Revisiting Late-Onset Asthma: Clinical Characteristics and Association with Allergy

Résumé

The Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) 2020 defines late-onset asthma (LOA) as one of the clinical phenotypes of asthma wherein patients, particularly women, present with asthma for the first time in adult life, tend to be non-allergic and often require higher doses of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) or are relatively refractory to corticosteroid treatment. In this review, we examine the published literature improve the understanding of the following aspects of LOA: 1) the age cut-off for its diagnosis; 2) its distinct clinical phenotypes, characteristics and risk factors; and 3) its association with allergic comorbidities and conditions. Overall, our review reveals that clinicians and researchers have used multiple age cut-offs to define LOA, with cut-off ages ranging from >12 years to ≥65 years. LOA has also been classified into several distinct phenotypes, some of which drastically differ in their clinical characteristics, course and prognosis. Although LOA has traditionally been considered non-allergic in nature, our review indicates that it is commonly associated with allergic features and comorbidities. Our findings suggest that there is an urgent need for the development of more clear clinical practice guidelines that can provide more clarity on the definition and other aspects of LOA. In addition, the association of LOA and allergy needs to be re-examined to frame a more optimal treatment strategy for patients with LOA.
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Dates et versions

hal-03166760 , version 1 (11-03-2021)

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Paternité - Pas d'utilisation commerciale

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Santiago Quirce, Enrico Heffler, Natalia Nenasheva, Pascal Demoly, Andrew Menzies-Gow, et al.. Revisiting Late-Onset Asthma: Clinical Characteristics and Association with Allergy. Journal of Asthma and Allergy, 2020, 13, pp.743-752. ⟨10.2147/JAA.S282205⟩. ⟨hal-03166760⟩

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