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Atypical symptoms, SARS-CoV-2 test results, and immunization rates in 456 residents from eight nursing homes facing a COVID-19 outbreak

Abstract : Background: Frail older persons may have an atypical presentation of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The value ofreal-time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) testing for identifying severe acute respiratory syndromecoronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) nursing homes (NHs) residents is not known. Objective: To determine whether (i) atypical symptoms may predict rRT-PCR results and (ii) rRT-PCR results may predictimmunisation against SARS-CoV-2 in NH residents. Design: A retrospective longitudinal study. Setting: Eight NHs with at least 10 rRT-PCR-positive residents. Subjects: A total of 456 residents. Methods: Typical and atypical symptoms recorded in residents’ files during the 14 days before and after rRT-PCR testing were analysed. Residents underwent blood testing for IgG-SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid protein 6 to 8 weeks after testing. Univariate and multivariate analyses compared symptoms and immunisation rates in rRT-PCR-positive and negative residents. Results: A total of 161 residents had a positive rRT-PCR (35.3%), 17.4% of whom were asymptomatic before testing. Temperature >37.8◦C, oxygen saturation <90%, unexplained anorexia, behavioural change, exhaustion, malaise and fallsbefore testing were independent predictors of a further positive rRT-PCR. Among the rRT-PCR-positive residents, 95.2% developed SARS-CoV-2 antibodies vs 7.6% in the rRT-PCR-negative residents. Among the residents with a negative rRT-PCR, those who developed SARS-CoV-2 antibodies more often had typical or atypical symptoms (P=0.02 and <0.01,respectively). Conclusion: This study supports a strategy based on (i) testing residents with typical or unexplained atypical symptoms for an early identification of the first SARS-CoV-2 cases, (ii) rT-PCR testing for identifying COVID-19 residents, (iii) repeated wide-facility testing (including asymptomatic cases) as soon as a resident is tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 and (iv) implementing SARS-CoV-2 infection control measures in rRT-PCR-negative residents when they have unexplained typicalor atypical symptoms.
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Soumis le : vendredi 5 mars 2021 - 11:42:44
Dernière modification le : dimanche 26 juin 2022 - 09:21:06

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Hubert Blain, Lucie Gamon, Edouard Tuaillon, Amandine Pisoni, Nadia Giacosa, et al.. Atypical symptoms, SARS-CoV-2 test results, and immunization rates in 456 residents from eight nursing homes facing a COVID-19 outbreak. Age and Ageing, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2021, ⟨10.1093/ageing/afab050⟩. ⟨hal-03160497⟩



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