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PfGBP2 is a novel G‐quadruplex binding protein in Plasmodium falciparum

Abstract : Guanine-quadruplexes (G4s) are non-canonical DNA structures that can regulate key biological processes such as transcription, replication and telomere maintenance in several organisms including eukaryotes, prokaryotes and viruses. Recent reports have identified the presence of G4s within the AT-rich genome of Plasmodium falciparum, the protozoan parasite causing malaria. In Plasmodium, potential G4-forming sequences (G4FS) are enriched in the telomeric and sub-telomeric regions of the genome where they are associated with telomere maintenance and recombination events within virulence genes. However, there is a little understanding about the biological role of G4s and G4-binding proteins. Here, we provide the first snapshot of G4-interactome in P. falciparum using DNA pull-down assay followed by LC-MS/MS. Interestingly, we identified ~24 potential G4-binding proteins (G4-BP) that bind to a stable G4FS (AP2_G4). Furthermore, we characterised the role of G-strand binding protein 2 (PfGBP2), a putative telomere-binding protein in P. falciparum. We validated the interaction of PfGBP2 with G4 in vitro as well as in vivo. PfGBP2 is expressed throughout the intra-erythrocytic developmental cycle and is essential for the parasites in the presence of G4-stabilising ligand, pyridostatin. Gene knockout studies showed the role of PfGBP2 in the expression of var genes. Taken together, this study suggests that PfGBP2 is a bona fide G4-binding protein, which is likely to be involved in the regulation of G4-related functions in these malarial parasites. In addition, this study sheds light on this understudied G4 biology in P. falciparum.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-03152279
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Soumis le : mercredi 6 octobre 2021 - 21:31:57
Dernière modification le : mercredi 15 juin 2022 - 04:20:48
Archivage à long terme le : : vendredi 7 janvier 2022 - 18:07:47

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Pratima Gurung, Ana Rita Gomes, Rafael Martins, Stefan Juranek, Patrizia Alberti, et al.. PfGBP2 is a novel G‐quadruplex binding protein in Plasmodium falciparum. Cellular Microbiology, Wiley, 2021, 23 (4), pp.e13303. ⟨10.1111/cmi.13303⟩. ⟨hal-03152279⟩

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