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Article Dans Une Revue Infection, Genetics and Evolution Année : 2012

Scarce events of mitochondrial introgression in Trypanosoma cruzi: New case with a Bolivian strain

Résumé

Trypanosoma cruzi, the agent of Chagas disease, presents a predominantly clonal structure that has been shaped by recombination events leading to six genetic groups (DTUs, discrete typing units, TcI–TcVI). Several conventional and unconventional genetic exchange events have been described, including hybridization and mitochondrial introgression, which is explored here among Bolivian and Peruvian strains belonging to TcI because recombination events have been previously suspected by means of the MLMT method (multilocus microsatellite typing). We analyzed the variation of one nuclear (Gpi) and one mitochondrial (Nd1) gene among 60 TcI strains and 15 reference strains belonging to the six DTUs. The results clearly showed that one strain isolated from Triatoma infestans in the Cochabamba department (Bolivia) presented a genotype TcI for Gpi and a mitochondrial Nd1 genotype common to the DTUs TcIII, IV, V, and VI; this can be interpreted as a mitochondrial introgression event between distant DTUs. These kinds of events, although probably scarce, may have played an important role in the adaptive evolution of the species.

Dates et versions

hal-03114617 , version 1 (19-01-2021)

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Citer

Christian Barnabé, Simone Frédérique Brenière. Scarce events of mitochondrial introgression in Trypanosoma cruzi: New case with a Bolivian strain. Infection, Genetics and Evolution, 2012, 12 (8), pp.1879-1883. ⟨10.1016/j.meegid.2012.08.018⟩. ⟨hal-03114617⟩
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