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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences Année : 2016

Key impacts of climate engineering on biodiversity and ecosystems, with priorities for future research

1 Department of Zoology [Cambridge]
2 IASS - Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies [Potsdam]
3 Ocean and Earth Science [Southampton]
4 GEOMAR - Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research [Kiel]
5 School of Earth Sciences [Bristol]
6 LOV - Laboratoire d'océanographie de Villefranche
7 Sciences Po - Sciences Po
8 School of Biological Sciences [Bristol]
9 IBED - Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics
10 CONACYT-CIBNOR - Centro de Investigaciones Biologicas del Noroeste [Mexico]
11 BAS - British Antarctic Survey
12 Lancaster Environment Centre
13 SAMS - Scottish Association for Marine Science
14 PBS - Pacific Biological Station
15 AWI - Alfred-Wegener-Institut, Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung = Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research = Institut Alfred-Wegener pour la recherche polaire et marine
16 CSIR - Council for Scientific and Industrial Research [Pretoria]
17 UMR ISEM - Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution de Montpellier
18 Department of Community Ecology
19 iDiv - German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research
20 UNEP-WCMC - UN Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre
21 UKCEH - Centre for Ecology and Hydrology
22 Dalhousie University [Halifax]
23 University of Konstanz
24 CEFAS - Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science [Lowestoft]
25 Museum für Naturkunde [Berlin]
26 Leibniz Institut für Evolutions und Biodiversitätsforschung
27 School of Environmental Sciences [Norwich]
28 PML - Plymouth Marine Laboratory
29 STEaPP - Department of Science, Technology, Engineering and Public Policy
Mark van Kleunen
Emma Woods
  • Fonction : Auteur
William Sutherland


Climate change has significant implications for biodiversity and ecosystems. With slow progress towards reducing greenhouse gas emissions, climate engineering (or ‘geoengineering’) is receiving increasing attention for its potential to limit anthropogenic climate change and its damaging effects. Proposed techniques, such as ocean fertilization for carbon dioxide removal or stratospheric sulfate injections to reduce incoming solar radiation, would significantly alter atmospheric, terrestrial and marine environments, yet potential side-effects of their implementation for ecosystems and biodiversity have received little attention. A literature review was carried out to identify details of the potential ecological effects of climate engineering techniques. A group of biodiversity and environmental change researchers then employed a modified Delphi expert consultation technique to evaluate this evidence and prioritize the effects based on the relative importance of, and scientific understanding about, their biodiversity and ecosystem consequences. The key issues and knowledge gaps are used to shape a discussion of the biodiversity and ecosystem implications of climate engineering, including novel climatic conditions, alterations to marine systems and substantial terrestrial habitat change. This review highlights several current research priorities in which the climate engineering context is crucial to consider, as well as identifying some novel topics for ecological investigation.
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Dates et versions

hal-03063832 , version 1 (02-11-2023)



Caitlin Mccormack, Wanda Born, Peter Irvine, Eric Achterberg, Tatsuya Amano, et al.. Key impacts of climate engineering on biodiversity and ecosystems, with priorities for future research. Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences, 2016, 13 (2-4), pp.103-128. ⟨10.1080/1943815X.2016.1159578⟩. ⟨hal-03063832⟩
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