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Pré-Publication, Document De Travail Année : 2020

Scaling up biodiversity ecosystem functioning relationships: the role of environmental variability in space and time

Patrick Thompson
Yuval Zelnik
  • Fonction : Auteur
Laura Dee
Shaopeng Wang
Claire de Mazancourt
  • Fonction : Auteur
Michel Loreau
Andrew Gonzalez

Résumé

The biodiversity and ecosystem functioning (BEF) relationship is expected to depend on the spatial or temporal scale at which it is measured. Environmental variation is hypothesized to explain this scale dependence because it influences how quickly biodiversity accumulates with scale. However, this link has yet to be demonstrated in a formal model. Here we use a Lotka-Volterra competition model to simulate community dynamics when environmental conditions vary across either space or time. Species differ in their optimal environmental conditions, which results in turnover in community composition. We vary biodiversity by modelling communities with different sized regional species pools and ask how the amount of biomass per unit area depends on the number of species present, and the spatial or temporal scale at which it is measured. We find that more biodiversity is required to maintain functioning at larger temporal and spatial scales. The number of species required increases quickly when environmental autocorrelation is low, and slowly when autocorrelation is high. Both spatial and temporal environmental variation led to scale dependence in BEF, but autocorrelation had larger impacts when environmental change was temporal. These findings show how the biodiversity required to maintain functioning is expected to increase over time and space.

Dates et versions

hal-02996933 , version 1 (09-11-2020)

Identifiants

Citer

Patrick Thompson, Sonia Kéfi, Yuval Zelnik, Laura Dee, Shaopeng Wang, et al.. Scaling up biodiversity ecosystem functioning relationships: the role of environmental variability in space and time. 2020. ⟨hal-02996933⟩
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