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Interactions between antiretroviral therapy and complementary and alternative medicine: a narrative review

Abstract : Background : The use of complementary and alternative medicine including herbal medicine (phytotherapy), vitamins, minerals and food supplements is frequent among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs) who take antiretroviral (ARV) drugs, but is often not known by their prescribing physicians. Some drug–supplement combinations may result in clinically meaningful interactions. Aims : In this literature review, we aimed to investigate the evidence for complementary and alternative medicine interactions with ARVs. Sources : A bibliographic search of all in vitro, human studies and case reports of the PubMed database was performed to assess the risk of interactions between complementary and alternative self-medication products and ARVs. The ‘HIV drug interaction’ (https://www.hiv-druginteractions.org) and ‘Natural medicines comprehensive database’ (https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com) interaction checkers were also analysed. Content : St John's wort, some forms of garlic, grapefruit and red rice yeast are known to have significant interaction and thus should not be co-administered, or should be used with caution with certain ARV classes. Data on other plant-based supplements come from in vitro studies or very small size in vivo studies and are thus insufficient to conclude the real in vivo impact in case of concomitant administration with ARVs. Some polyvalent minerals such as calcium, magnesium, and iron salts can reduce the absorption of integrase inhibitors by chelation. Potential interactions with vitamin C and quercetin with some ARVs should be noted and efficacy and tolerance of the treatment should be monitored. Implications : This review shows the importance of screening all PLWHAs for complementary and alternative medicine use to prevent treatment failure or adverse effects related to an interaction with ARVs. Further human studies are warranted to describe the clinical significance of in vitro interactions between numerous complementary and alternative medicine and ARVs.
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Soumis le : mardi 6 octobre 2020 - 14:33:16
Dernière modification le : jeudi 19 mai 2022 - 16:18:02
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Coralie Bordes, Géraldine Leguelinel-Blache, Jean-Philippe Lavigne, Jean-Marc Mauboussin, Didier Laureillard, et al.. Interactions between antiretroviral therapy and complementary and alternative medicine: a narrative review. Clinical Microbiology and Infection, Elsevier for the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, 2020, 26 (9), pp.1161-1170. ⟨10.1016/j.cmi.2020.04.019⟩. ⟨hal-02959057⟩

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