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Article Dans Une Revue Corrosion Science Année : 2020

Effect of surface orientation on dissolution rate and surface dynamics of UO2 single crystals in nitric acid

Résumé

UO2 single crystals with (100), (110) and (111) oriented faces were dissolved in 2 mol.L-1 HNO3 at room temperature. The evolution of the topography of the surface was monitored and reliable dissolution rates corresponding to the three crystallographic orientations were determined under controlled hydrodynamic and chemical conditions. The dissolution tests of UO2 polished single crystals showed two different kinetic steps. During the first uncatalysed kinetic regime, the enhanced reactivity of the surface at defect sites was demonstrated. The second kinetic step was attributed to a catalysed dissolution mechanism involving species produced at the solid/solution interface during the first step.
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Dates et versions

hal-02953014 , version 1 (29-09-2020)

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Solène Bertolotto, Stephanie Szenknect, Sophie Lalleman, Alastair Magnaldo, Philippe Raison, et al.. Effect of surface orientation on dissolution rate and surface dynamics of UO2 single crystals in nitric acid. Corrosion Science, inPress, ⟨10.1016/j.corsci.2020.109020⟩. ⟨hal-02953014⟩
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