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Article Dans Une Revue Neurology Année : 2019

Electrically induced verbal perseveration: A striatal deafferentation model


Objective The present study aimed to elucidate the neural correlates of the deafferentation cognitive model of verbal perseveration (VP) by analyzing the connectomics of the sites where electric stimulation elicited VP during awake left glioma surgery. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the anatomic sites that generated VP when electrically stimulated in a series of 21 patients operated on while awake for a left glioma. Each stimulation point was manually located on the postoperative MRI and then registered to the Montreal Neurological Institute template. Connectomics of these sites were further analyzed with Tractotron and disconnectome maps. Results VP stimulation sites were located within the white matter surrounding the posterosuperior head of the caudate nucleus, as well as within the white matter of the external capsule and the superolateral wall of the temporal horn of the ventricle. Furthermore, Tractotron and disconnectome maps revealed the connectome of these stimulation sites: the inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus, frontostriatal tract, and anterior thalamic radiations. Conclusion On the basis of these results and other data, we propose the following anatomic implementation of the deafferentation cognitive model: the lexico-semantic system, comprising different areas linked together through direct cortico-cortical connections, sends information to the striatum; the striato-thalamic system acts as a tunable filter of this lexico-semantic input; and the thalamus projects back to the lexico-semantic system, amplifying the targeted response and inhibiting its competitors.
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Dates et versions

hal-02929670 , version 1 (03-09-2020)



Emmanuel Mandonnet, Guillaume Herbet, Sylvie Moritz-Gasser, Isabelle Poisson, François Rheault, et al.. Electrically induced verbal perseveration: A striatal deafferentation model. Neurology, 2019, 92 (6), pp.e613--e621. ⟨10.1212/WNL.0000000000006880⟩. ⟨hal-02929670⟩
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