Dissociating polysensitization and multimorbidity in children and adults from a Polish general population cohort - Université de Montpellier Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Clinical and Translational Allergy Année : 2019

Dissociating polysensitization and multimorbidity in children and adults from a Polish general population cohort

Andrzej Namysłowski
  • Fonction : Auteur

Résumé

Background: Links between multimorbidity of allergic diseases and allergen sensitization are still under debate, especially in adults. This study aimed to establish a relationship between polysensitization and allergic multimorbidity in children and adults and the allergens involved in multimorbidity. Material and method: A cross-sectional multicentre study enrolled children aged 6-7 and 13-14 years and adults aged 20-44 years from a Polish national cohort. The diagnosis of allergic diseases was made by a physician. Skin prick tests to 13 allergens and serum IgE levels to 4 allergens were tested. Results: Among the 3856 participants, single disease (asthma, allergic rhinitis or atopic dermatitis) was diagnosed in 27.7% subjects and allergic multimorbidity in 9.3%. Allergic multimorbidity occurred more commonly in children than in adults (p < 0.01). Asthma or atopic dermatitis alone were not associated with polysensitization. Rhinitis and multimorbidity were associated with polysensitization. Allergic multimorbidity occurred in 2.2% of participants with negative skin prick tests, 9.8% of those with one positive prick test (SPT ≥ 3 mm) and 20.6% of polysensitized ones (p < 0.001). There was an increasing risk of multimorbidity depending on the number of positive prick tests for both SPT ≥ 3 mm (OR 9.6-16.5) and SPT ≥ 6 mm (OR 5.9-13.7). A statistically significant relationship was found between allergic multimorbidity and sensitization to cat and mite allergens. Conclusions: Multimorbidity is associated with polysensitization especially in children compared with adults in Polish population cohort. New insights into single disease patterns were found: bronchial asthma is the strongest risk factor for the development of multimorbidity in comparison with allergic rhinitis and atopic dermatitis.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
s13601-019-0246-y.pdf (1.41 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origine : Fichiers éditeurs autorisés sur une archive ouverte

Dates et versions

hal-02886655 , version 1 (02-06-2021)

Licence

Paternité - Pas d'utilisation commerciale - Pas de modification

Identifiants

Citer

Filip Raciborski, Jean Bousqet, Andrzej Namysłowski, Edyta Krzych-Fałta, Aneta Tomaszewska, et al.. Dissociating polysensitization and multimorbidity in children and adults from a Polish general population cohort. Clinical and Translational Allergy, 2019, 9 (1), ⟨10.1186/s13601-019-0246-y⟩. ⟨hal-02886655⟩
70 Consultations
28 Téléchargements

Altmetric

Partager

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More