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MicroRNAs: Key Regulators to Understand Osteoclast Differentiation?

Abstract : MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding single-stranded RNAs that represent important posttranscriptional regulators of protein-encoding genes. In particular, miRNAs play key roles in regulating cellular processes such as proliferation, migration, and cell differentiation. Recently, miRNAs emerged as critical regulators of osteoclasts (OCs) biology and have been involved in OCs pathogenic role in several disorders. OCs are multinucleated cells generated from myeloid precursors in the bone marrow, specialized in bone resorption. While there is a growing number of information on the cytokines and signaling pathways that are critical to control the differentiation of osteoclast precursors (OCPs) into mature OCs, the connection between OC differentiation steps and miRNAs is less well-understood. The present review will first summarize our current understanding of the miRNA-regulated pathways in the sequential steps required for OC formation, from the motility and migration of OCPs to the cell-cell fusion and the final formation of the actin ring and ruffled border in the functionally resorbing multinucleated OCs. Then, considering the difficulty of working on primary OCs and on the generation of robust data we will give an update on the most recent advances in the detection technologies for miRNAs quantification and how these are of particular interest for the understanding of OC biology and their use as potential biomarkers.
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Soumis le : mercredi 25 novembre 2020 - 15:45:33
Dernière modification le : vendredi 9 septembre 2022 - 10:20:08
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Claire Lozano, Isabelle Duroux-Richard, Hüseyin Firat, Eric Schordan, Florence Apparailly. MicroRNAs: Key Regulators to Understand Osteoclast Differentiation?. Frontiers in Immunology, Frontiers, 2019, 10, ⟨10.3389/fimmu.2019.00375⟩. ⟨hal-02874993⟩

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