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Clinical insight in anorexia nervosa: Associated and predictive factors

Abstract : Clinical and cognitive factors associated with clinical insight regarding both baseline level and its time-related changes, in outpatients treated for anorexia nervosa. The 193 participants were recruited at 13 French centers specializing in eating disorders (FFAB network) and assessed for insight (SAI-ED), body mass index (BMI), eating disorder severity, symptoms of depression and anxiety, emotional state, silhouette, and functionality; two cognitive tests were also administered. The 137 patients were then re-assessed 18 weeks later. Minimum and ideal subjective BMI and premorbid intelligence were associated with poor baseline insight. Contrary to nearly all other clinical factors, the level of insight revealed no improvement after four months of care. Only the higher value of the minimum lifetime BMI was significantly predictive of increased insight. More positive emotions (PANAS), less symptoms of depression and anxiety (HADS scores), and fewer syndromes (HADS above threshold) were the only factors that covaried with the changes in the level of insight. In conclusion, poor insight has little time variability, contrary to nearly all clinical and cognitive factors. As increased insight is mainly accompanied by improvements in the emotional domain, the latter could represent potential targets for patients with lack of awareness about their eating disorder.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-02559709
Contributeur : Nathalie Salvy-Cordoba <>
Soumis le : jeudi 30 avril 2020 - 16:50:31
Dernière modification le : vendredi 15 mai 2020 - 12:22:09

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Philip Gorwood, Philibert Duriez, Aiste Lengvenyte, Sébastien Guillaume, Sophie Criquillion. Clinical insight in anorexia nervosa: Associated and predictive factors. Psychiatry Research, Elsevier, 2019, 281, pp.112561. ⟨10.1016/j.psychres.2019.112561⟩. ⟨hal-02559709⟩

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