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Article Dans Une Revue Anesthesiology Année : 2010

Neurally Adjusted Ventilatory Assist in Critically Ill Postoperative Patients: A Crossover Randomized Study

Résumé

Background: Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) is a new mode of mechanical ventilation that delivers ventilatory assist in proportion to the electrical activity of the diaphragm. This study aimed to compare the ventilatory and gas exchange effects between NAVA and pressure support ventilation (PSV) during the weaning phase of critically ill patients who required mechanical ventilation subsequent to surgery. Methods: Fifteen patients, the majority of whom underwent abdominal surgery, were enrolled. They were ventilated with PSV and NAVA for 24 h each in a randomized crossover order. The ventilatory parameters and gas exchange effects produced by the two ventilation modes were compared. The variability of the ventilatory parameters was also evaluated by the coefficient of variation (SD to mean ratio). Results: Two patients failed to shift to NAVA because of postoperative bilateral diaphragmatic paralysis, and one patient interrupted the study because of worsening of his sickness. In the other 12 cases, the 48 h of the study protocol were completed, using both ventilation modes, with no signs of intolerance or complications. The PaO 2 /FIO 2 (mean Ϯ SD) ratio in NAVA was significantly higher than with PSV (264 Ϯ 71 vs. 230 Ϯ 75 mmHg, P Ͻ 0.05). PaCO 2 did not differ significantly between the two modes. The tidal volume (median [interquar-tile range]) with NAVA was significantly lower than with PSV (7.0 [6.4-8.6] vs. 6.5 [6.3-7.4] ml/kg predicted body weight, P Ͻ 0.05).Variability of insufflation airway pressure, tidal volume , and minute ventilation were significantly higher with NAVA than with PSV. Electrical activity of the diaphragm variability was significantly lower with NAVA than with PSV. Conclusions: Compared with PSV, respiratory parameter variability was greater with NAVA, probably leading in part to the significant improvement in patient oxygenation.
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hal-02549520 , version 1 (21-04-2020)

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Yannaël Coisel, Gerald Chanques, Boris Jung, Jean-Michel Constantin, Xavier Capdevila, et al.. Neurally Adjusted Ventilatory Assist in Critically Ill Postoperative Patients: A Crossover Randomized Study. Anesthesiology, 2010, 113, pp.925 - 960. ⟨10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181ee2ef1⟩. ⟨hal-02549520⟩
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