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Electrolyte Reactivity in the Double Layer in Mg Batteries: An Interface Potential-Dependent DFT Study

Abstract : The electrochemical degradation of two solvent-based electrolytes for Mg-metal batteries is investigated through a Grand canonical DFT approach. Both electrolytes are highly reactive in the double layer region where the solvated species have no direct contact with the Mg-surface, hence emphasising that surface reactions are not the only phenomena responsible for electrolyte degradation. Applied to dimethoxyethane (DME) and ethylene carbonate (EC), the present methodology shows that both solvents should thermodynamically decompose in the double layer prior to the Mg 2+ /Mg 0 reduction, leading to electrochemically inactive reaction products. Based on thermodynamic considerations, Mg 0 deposition should not be possible, which is not in agreement with experiments, at least for DME-based electrolytes. This apparent contradiction is here addressed through the rationalization of the electrochemical mechanism underlying solvent electro-activation. An extended operation potential window (OPW) is defined, in which the Mg 2+ /Mg 0 reduction can compete with electrolyte decomposition, thus enabling battery operation beyond the solvated species thermodynamic stability. The chemical study of the degradation products is in excellent agreement with experiments and it offer rationale for the Mg-battery failure in EC electrolyte and 2 capacity fade in DME electrolyte. Potential-dependent approach proposed herein is thus able to successfully tackle the challenging problem of interface electrochemistry. Being fully transferable to any other electrochemical systems, this methodology should provide rational guidelines for the development of viable electrolytes for multivalent batteries, and more generally, energy conversion and storage devices.
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Soumis le : mardi 24 mars 2020 - 09:55:45
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Anja Kopač Lautar, Jan Bitenc, Tomaž Rejec, Robert Dominko, Jean-Sébastien Filhol, et al.. Electrolyte Reactivity in the Double Layer in Mg Batteries: An Interface Potential-Dependent DFT Study. Journal of the American Chemical Society, American Chemical Society, 2020, 142 (11), pp.5146-5153. ⟨10.1021/jacs.9b12474⟩. ⟨hal-02516806⟩



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