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Paleoproterozoic melt-depleted lithospheric mantle in the Khanka block, far eastern Russia: Inferences for mobile belts bordering the North China and Siberian cratons

Abstract : The eastern part of Asia between the North China and Siberian cratons contains orogenic belts formed by the Paleo-Asian and Pacific subduction and older continental blocks. A fundamental question regarding these and all mobile belts is the fate of the continental lithospheric mantle (CLM) during their formation, i.e. whether, or to what extent the CLM may be formed, replaced or affected during orogeny. Insights into these processes can be obtained from mantle xenoliths hosted by Cenozoic basalts in the Proterozoic Khanka block in the far eastern Russia between NE China and the Pacific coast of Asia. We report petrographic, chemical, and Os-Sr-Nd isotope data for spinel peridotite xenoliths at two Khanka sites: Sviyagin and Podgelban. The modal abundances and chemical compositions suggest that the peridotites are residues of low to moderate degrees of melt extraction from fertile mantle. They show an 187Os/188Os vs. 187Re/188Os correlation with an apparent 1.9 Ga age; the 187Os/188Os ratios are positively correlated with Al2O3 and other melt extraction indices. These results provide the first robust CLM age constraints for the eastern Central Asian Orogenic Belt (CAOB). The ages suggest that the ancient CLM of the Khanka block may be roughly coeval with reworked CLM at Hannuoba (North China craton), and that it persisted through the Phanerozoic orogenies. Moreover, despite the proximity to Phanerozoic subduction zones, the Khanka CLM shows little post-melting enrichment, e.g. the clinopyroxenes are typically LREE-depleted and have Sr-Nd isotope ratios typical of the MORB mantle. We posit that the metasomatism of the CLM, earlier proposed for North China xenolith suites and ascribed to the effects of Pacific or older subduction and related mantle upwelling, may not be widespread in the CAOB. In general, Proterozoic blocks composed of residual peridotites may be more common in the CLM of the SE Siberia and northern China, and possibly other orogenic belts, than previously thought.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-02486520
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Soumis le : vendredi 21 février 2020 - 08:56:53
Dernière modification le : lundi 25 mai 2020 - 18:02:04

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Dmitri Ionov, Guo Peng, Wendy R. Nelson, Steven Shirey, Matthias Willbold. Paleoproterozoic melt-depleted lithospheric mantle in the Khanka block, far eastern Russia: Inferences for mobile belts bordering the North China and Siberian cratons. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Elsevier, 2020, 270, pp.95-111. ⟨10.1016/j.gca.2019.11.019⟩. ⟨hal-02486520⟩

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