HETEROFOR 1.0: a spatially explicit model for exploring the response of structurally complex forests to uncertain future conditions. I. Carbon fluxes and tree dimensional growth.

Abstract : Given the multiple abiotic and biotic stressors resulting from global changes, management systems and practices must be adapted in order to maintain and reinforce the resilience of forests. Among others, the transformation of monocultures into uneven-aged and mixed stands is an avenue to improve forest resilience. To explore the forest response to these new silvicultural practices under a changing environment, one need models combining a process-based approach with a detailed spatial representation, which is very rare. We therefore decided to develop our own model (HETEROFOR) according to a spatially explicit approach describing individual tree growth based on resource sharing (light, water and nutrients). HETEROFOR was progressively elaborated through the integration of various modules (light interception, phenology, water cycling, photosynthesis and respiration, carbon allocation, mineral nutrition and nutrient cycling) within CAPSIS, a collaborative modelling platform devoted to tree growth and stand dynamics. The advantage of using such a platform is to use common development environment, model execution system, user- interface and visualization tools and to share data structures, objects, methods and libraries. This paper describes the carbon-related processes of HETEROFOR (photosynthesis, respiration, carbon allocation and tree dimensional growth) and evaluates the model performances for a mixed oak and beech stand in Wallonia (Belgium). This first evaluation showed that HETEROFOR predicts well individual radial growth and is able to reproduce size-growth relationships. We also noticed that the more empirical options for describing maintenance respiration and crown extension provide the best results while the process-based approach best performs for photosynthesis. To illustrate how the model can be used to predict climate change impacts on forest ecosystems, the growth dynamics in this stand was simulated according to four IPCC climate scenarios. According to these simulations, the tree growth trends will be governed by the CO2 fertilization effect with the increase in vegetation period length and in water stress also playing a role but offsetting each other.
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Soumis le : mardi 4 février 2020 - 14:12:15
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Mathieu Jonard, Frédéric André, François de Coligny, Louis de Wergifosse, Nicolas Beudez, et al.. HETEROFOR 1.0: a spatially explicit model for exploring the response of structurally complex forests to uncertain future conditions. I. Carbon fluxes and tree dimensional growth.. Geoscientific Model Development, European Geosciences Union, In press, ⟨10.5194/gmd-2019-101⟩. ⟨hal-02466359⟩

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