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DNA replication is altered in Immunodeficiency Centromeric instability Facial anomalies (ICF) cells carrying DNMT3B mutations

Abstract : ICF syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that is characterized by Immunodeficiency, Centromeric instability, and Facial anomalies. In all, 60% of ICF patients have mutations in the DNMT3B (DNA methyltransferase 3B) gene, encoding a de novo DNA methyltransferase. In ICF cells, constitutive heterochromatin is hypomethylated and decondensed, metaphase chromosomes undergo rearrangements (mainly involving juxtacentromeric regions), and more than 700 genes are aberrantly expressed. This work shows that DNA replication is also altered in ICF cells: (i) heterochromatic genes replicate earlier in the S-phase; (ii) global replication fork speed is higher; and (iii) S-phase is shorter. These replication defects may result from chromatin changes that modify DNA accessibility to the replication machinery and/or from changes in the expression level of genes involved in DNA replication. This work highlights the interest of using ICF cells as a model to investigate how DNA methylation regulates DNA replication in humans.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-02444088
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Soumis le : vendredi 17 janvier 2020 - 15:48:35
Dernière modification le : samedi 18 janvier 2020 - 01:44:45

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Erica Lana, André Mégarbané, Hélène Tourrière, Pierre Sarda, Gérard Lefranc, et al.. DNA replication is altered in Immunodeficiency Centromeric instability Facial anomalies (ICF) cells carrying DNMT3B mutations. European Journal of Human Genetics, Nature Publishing Group, 2012, 20 (10), pp.1044-1050. ⟨10.1038/ejhg.2012.41⟩. ⟨hal-02444088⟩

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