Social motor coordination in unaffected relatives of schizophrenia patients: a potential intermediate phenotype

Abstract : Intermediate endophenotypes emerge as an important concept in the study of schizo-phrenia. Although research on phenotypes mainly investigated cognitive, metabolic or neurophysiological markers so far, some authors also examined the motor behavior anomalies as a potential trait-marker of the disease. However, no research has investigated social motor coordination despite the possible importance of its anomalies in schizophrenia. The aim of this study was thus to determine whether coordination modifications previously demonstrated in schizophrenia are trait-markers that might be associated with the risk for this pathology. Interpersonal motor coordination in 27 unaffected first-degree relatives of schizophrenia patients and 27 healthy controls was assessed using a hand-held pendulum task to examine the presence of interpersonal coordination impairments in individuals at risk for the disorder. Measures of neurologic soft signs, clinical variables and neurocog-nitive functions were collected to assess the cognitive and clinical correlates of social coordination impairments in at-risk relatives. After controlling for potential confounding variables , unaffected relatives of schizophrenia patients had impaired intentional interpersonal coordination compared to healthy controls while unintentional interpersonal coordination was preserved. More specifically, in intentional coordination, the unaffected relatives of schizophrenia patients exhibited coordination patterns that had greater variability and in which relatives did not lead the coordination. These results show that unaffected relatives of schizophrenia patients, like the patients themselves, also present deficits in intentional interpersonal coordination. For the first time, these results suggest that intentional interper-sonal coordination impairments might be a potential motor intermediate endophenotype of schizophrenia opening new perspectives for early diagnosis.
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Soumis le : mercredi 8 janvier 2020 - 14:32:45
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Jonathan Del-Monte, Delphine Capdevielle, Manuel Varlet, Ludovic Marin, Richard Schmidt, et al.. Social motor coordination in unaffected relatives of schizophrenia patients: a potential intermediate phenotype. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, Frontiers, 2013, 7, pp.137. ⟨10.3389/fnbeh.2013.00137⟩. ⟨hal-02432463⟩

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