Awake Surgery for Gliomas within the Right Inferior Parietal Lobule: New Insights into the Functional Connectivity Gained from Stimulation Mapping and Surgical Implications

Abstract : OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the functional role of the white matter connections running within and around the right inferior parietal lobule (IPL). We used direct electrostimulation during awake surgery to investigate this connectivity and to avoid permanent deficit after resection for right IPL gliomas. METHODS: We reviewed patients who underwent awake mapping for a glioma involving the right IPL. Resection was achieved up to functional corticosubcortical boundaries detected by electrostimulation. Results of the intraoperative mapping were confronted to preoperative and postoperative magnetic resonance imaging to perform anatomofunctional correlations. RESULTS: Fourteen consecutive patients were enrolled (9 men; mean age, 44 years). Cortically, the resection was limited anteriorly by the retrocentral somatosensory area (11 patients) or by the precentral motor cortex (3 patients). Subcortically, the thalamocortical pathways were identified anteriorly in all patients. Articulatory disturbances were elicited anteriorly and laterally (6 patients) corresponding to the superior longitudinal fasciculus part III. Deeper and superiorly, stimulating the superior longitudinal fasciculus part II or the arcuate fasciculus induced spatial disorders (6 patients). More laterally and posteriorly, disrupting the inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus induced nonverbal semantic disorders (7 patients). Six patients had visual deficits while the optic radiations were stimulated. A total or subtotal resection was achieved in all patients but one. There were no permanent impairments, except an expected left superior quadrantanopia in 4 patients. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first surgical series focusing on right IPL gliomas. The complex functional connectivity detected within and around this region fully supports the use of intraoperative multimodal functional mapping for optimizing outcomes.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-02387058
Contributeur : Cécile Nowak <>
Soumis le : vendredi 29 novembre 2019 - 15:36:09
Dernière modification le : samedi 30 novembre 2019 - 01:26:01

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Alice Rolland, Guillaume Herbet, Hugues Duffau. Awake Surgery for Gliomas within the Right Inferior Parietal Lobule: New Insights into the Functional Connectivity Gained from Stimulation Mapping and Surgical Implications. World Neurosurgery, 2018, 112, pp.e393--e406. ⟨10.1016/j.wneu.2018.01.053⟩. ⟨hal-02387058⟩

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