Benefits of kidney transplantation for a national cohort of patients aged 70 years and older starting renal replacement therapy

Abstract : Our objectives were to evaluate kidney transplantation survival benefit in people aged ≥70 who were receiving renal replacement therapy (RRT) and to identify their risk factors for posttransplant mortality. This study included all patients in the national French Renal Epidemiology and Information Network registry who started RRT between 2002 and 2013 at age ≥70. Mortality risk was compared between patients with transplants; on the waiting list; and on dialysis matched for age, gender, comorbidities, and time on dialysis. Of the 41 716 elderly patients starting RRT, 1219 (2.9%) were on the waiting list and 877 (2.1%) underwent transplantation during the follow-up. Until month 3, transplant patients had a risk of death triple that of the wait-listed group. Although the risk was halved at month 9, the perioperative risk was still not offset by month 36. Compared with matched dialysis patients (n = 2183), transplant patients were not at significantly increased perioperative risk and had a lower mortality risk starting at month 3. Risk factors for posttransplant mortality were diabetes, cardiovascular comorbidities, and dialysis duration >2 years. Among older dialysis patients, 20% had neither cardiovascular comorbidity nor diabetes. Systematic early assessment of the eligibility of elderly patients for kidney transplantation is recommended to expand registration to patients with poor survival on dialysis and no cardiovascular comorbidity.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-02359418
Contributeur : Anthony Herrada <>
Soumis le : mardi 12 novembre 2019 - 13:45:07
Dernière modification le : jeudi 14 novembre 2019 - 01:19:30

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Camille Legeai, Roland Andrianasolo, Olivier Moranne, Renaud Snanoudj, Maryvonne Hourmant, et al.. Benefits of kidney transplantation for a national cohort of patients aged 70 years and older starting renal replacement therapy. American Journal of Transplantation, Wiley, 2018, 18 (11), pp.2695-2707. ⟨10.1111/ajt.15110⟩. ⟨hal-02359418⟩

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