Reaction sintering of rhabdophane into monazite-cheralite Nd1-2xThxCaxPO4 (x = 0 – 0.1) ceramics

Danwen Qin 1 Adel Mesbah 1 Joseph Lautru 2 Stephanie Szenknect 1 Nicolas Dacheux 1 Nicolas Clavier 1
1 LIME - Interfaces de Matériaux en Evolution
ICSM - UMR 5257 - Institut de Chimie Séparative de Marcoule
2 L2ME - Etude de la Matière en Mode Environnemental
ICSM - UMR 5257 - Institut de Chimie Séparative de Marcoule
Abstract : The direct sintering of Nd1-2xCaxThxPO4·nH2O rhabdophanes (x = 0 – 0.1) was achieved for the first time resulting in homogeneous high-density monazite-cheralite pellets. Thanks to their large specific surface area, rhabdophane precursors led to a lower shrinkage temperature compared to samples synthesized through solid-state reactions. The associated activation energy was found between 361 ± 90 and 530 ± 90 kJ.mol-1, depending on the thorium incorporation. Meanwhile, sintering map was built up, showing that densification predominated for T ≤ 1200 °C. Conversely, the complete densification took place at 1400 °C concomitantly to grain growth and elimination of open porosity. Moreover, Th-Ca coupled substitution seemed to inhibit both densification and grain growth as the average grain size dropped down one order by one order of magnitude between x = 0.0 and x = 0.1. However, these differences did not affect microhardness, which reached 4.9 ± 0.8 GPa whatever the chemical composition tested.
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Soumis le : jeudi 7 novembre 2019 - 10:28:56
Dernière modification le : mercredi 11 décembre 2019 - 09:53:23

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Danwen Qin, Adel Mesbah, Joseph Lautru, Stephanie Szenknect, Nicolas Dacheux, et al.. Reaction sintering of rhabdophane into monazite-cheralite Nd1-2xThxCaxPO4 (x = 0 – 0.1) ceramics. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Elsevier, 2020, 40 (3), pp.911-922. ⟨10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2019.10.050⟩. ⟨hal-02353029⟩

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