A dual-process memory account of how to make an evaluation from complex and complete information

Abstract : Individuals are required to cope with uncertain, dispersed, incomplete, and incompatible sources of information in real life. We devised an experiment to reveal empirical “anomalies” in the process of acquisition, elaboration and retrieval of economic related information. Our results support the existence of a dual process in memory that is posited by the Fuzzy Trace Theory: acquisition of information leads to the formation of a gist representation which may be incompatible with the exact verbatim information stored in memory. We gave participants complex and complete information and then measured their cognitive ability. We conclude that individuals used their gist representation rather than processing verbatim information appropriately to make an evaluation Finally, we provide evidence that subjects with low cognitive abilities tend to demonstrate more often this specific behavior.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Liste complète des métadonnées

https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-02346005
Contributeur : Laurent Garnier <>
Soumis le : lundi 4 novembre 2019 - 17:14:03
Dernière modification le : vendredi 6 décembre 2019 - 10:37:42

Identifiants

  • HAL Id : hal-02346005, version 1

Citation

Rafai Ismael, Sébastien Duchêne, Eric Guerci, Ariane Lambert-Mogiliansky, Fabien Mathy. A dual-process memory account of how to make an evaluation from complex and complete information. Revue Economique, Presses de Sciences Po, In press. ⟨hal-02346005⟩

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de la notice

47