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Non-trophic interactions strengthen the diversity-functioning relationship in an ecological bioenergetic network model

Abstract : Ecological communities are undeniably diverse, both in terms of the species that compose them as well as the type of interactions that link species to each other. Despite this long recognition of the coexistence of multiple interaction types in nature, little is known about the consequences of this diversity for community functioning. In the ongoing context of global change and increasing species extinction rates, it seems crucial to improve our understanding of the drivers of the relationship between species diversity and ecosystem functioning. Here, using a multispecies dynamical model of ecological communities including various interaction types (e.g. competition for space, predator interference, recruitment facilitation in addition to feeding), we studied the role of the presence and the intensity of these interactions for species diversity, community functioning (biomass and production) and the relationship between diversity and functioning.Taken jointly, the diverse interactions have significant effects on species diversity, whose amplitude and sign depend on the type of interactions involved and their relative abundance. They however consistently increase the slope of the relationship between diversity and functioning, suggesting that species losses might have stronger effects on community functioning than expected when ignoring the diversity of interaction types and focusing on feeding interactions only. Author summary The question of how species diversity contributes to the functioning of ecological communities has intrigued ecologists for decades, and is especially relevant in the current context of species extinctions. Ecological communities are not only diverse in terms of the species that compose them but also in terms of the way they interact with each other: for example, species compete for space and for food, eat and facilitate each other. The diversity of ways species interact has rarely been taken into account in the study of ecological communities, although widely acknowledged. Here we show that the diversity of interaction types PLOS Computational Biology | https://doi.
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Soumis le : jeudi 25 novembre 2021 - 11:10:15
Dernière modification le : vendredi 5 août 2022 - 10:38:47
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Vincent Miele, Christian Guill, Rodrigo Ramos-Jiliberto, Sonia Kéfi. Non-trophic interactions strengthen the diversity-functioning relationship in an ecological bioenergetic network model. PLoS Computational Biology, Public Library of Science, 2019, 15 (8), pp.e1007269. ⟨10.1371/journal.pcbi.1007269⟩. ⟨hal-02331446⟩



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