Ammonia borane and hydrazine bis(borane) dehydrogenation mediated by an unsymmetrical (PNN) ruthenium pincer hydride: metal–ligand cooperation for hydrogen production

Abstract : The five-coordinate Ru-II hydride ((PNN)-P-tBu*) RuH(CO) (2) containing the dearomatized anionic form of the tridendate unsymmetrical pincer ligand (PNN)-P-tBu {(PNN)-P-tBu = 2-((di-tert-butylphosphino) methyl)-6-(3,5-dimethyl- 1H-pyrazol-1-yl) pyridine} has been exploited as an ammonia borane (NH3 center dot BH3, AB) and hydrazine bis(borane) (H3B center dot H2N-NH2 center dot BH3, HBB) dehydrogenation catalyst in THF solution at ambient temperature. Complex 2 releases two H-2 equivalents per AB monomer and 1.5 H-2 equivalent per HBB monomer, with concomitant generation of the corresponding polymeric "spent fuels" [poly(borazylenes) or poly(aminoboranes), respectively]. Complex 2 has been found to have excellent catalytic activity, with recorded TOF values of 171 h(-1) (AB) and 359 h(-1) (HBB) at ambient temperature. The reaction has been studied experimentally through multinuclear [11B, 31P{1H}, and 1H] variable-temperature (VT) NMR spectroscopy, kinetic rate measurements and kinetic isotope effect (KIE) determination with deuterated AB isotopologues. It was found that the pincer backbone is directly involved in the catalytic process, with the presence of both protonated ((PNN)-P-tBu) and deprotonated ((PNN)-P-tBu*)(-) forms in solution. Cooperative catalysis involving the pincer methylenic side-arm and the metal center at the same time is the most likely reaction mechanism, on the basis of the collected experimental data and the computational analysis of the process at the DFT//MN15//SMD level of theory. An unprecedented dearomatization path stemming from the reduction of Cg of the pyridine central ring has been found in the catalyst spent form formed at the end of the dehydrogenation process: ((PNN)-P-tBu#) RuH(CO)center dot BH3 (4). Complex 4 was independently synthesized from the hydrido-chloro compound ((PNN)-P-tBu) RuH(CO) Cl (1) with a large excess of NaBH4 at solvent reflux and it was characterized both in solution and in the solid state. The crystal structure revealed that the borane " ligand" bridges the Ru center and the pyridine N atom through one of its B-H bonds in a s-BH agostic fashion. It can be formally considered as a (more stable) structural isomer of the hydride-borohydride complex ((PNN)-P-tBu) RuH(CO)(eta(1)-BH4) (3), with the H and BH4 ligands trans to each other within the octahedral metal coordination sphere.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-02321406
Contributeur : Philippe Falque <>
Soumis le : lundi 21 octobre 2019 - 11:05:34
Dernière modification le : mardi 22 octobre 2019 - 01:35:56

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Lapo Luconi, Umit Demirci, Maurizio Peruzzini, Giuliano Giambastiani, Andrea Rossin. Ammonia borane and hydrazine bis(borane) dehydrogenation mediated by an unsymmetrical (PNN) ruthenium pincer hydride: metal–ligand cooperation for hydrogen production. Sustainable Energy & Fuels, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2019, 3 (10), pp.2583-2596. ⟨10.1039/c9se00241c⟩. ⟨hal-02321406⟩

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