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Cementless revision femoral stems application of press-fit principles and clinical outcomes

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Cementless femoral stems are currently used in revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) with the surgeon choosing between various fixation modes. The outcomes are good in the medium term; however, some failures have been attributed to technical errors during implantation. When the decision has been made to use a press-fit implant, the impact of the surgeon's technique on the functional outcomes have not been explored in-depth. This led us to carry out a retrospective study on a large population of total hip arthroplasty patients which aims were achieved press-fit to (1) determine the impact of the type of primary fixation (with and without press-fit) on the functional outcomes; (2) specify the effect of stem length on the functional scores when diaphyseal press-fit is achieved and (3) analyse the main reasons why a true press-fit effect was not achieved (three-point fixation). HYPOTHESIS: There is a relationship between the primary fixation method by press-fit of a revision femoral stem and the functional outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of a continuous cohort of 244 THA revision cases with a mean follow-up of 6.1 ± 3.5 years (range, 2-18). The femoral area in which close contact was achieved (shared interface between the bone and implant) was used to define various types of press-fit fixation. The functional outcomes were determined using the Harris Hip Score (HHS) and the Merle d'AubignéPostel score (MAP score) out of 12 points (pain and walking items). RESULTS: The post-operative HHS averaged 90.83 ± 7.51 for proximal press-fit and 80.14 ± 14.93 with no press-fit (p = 0.01). The MAP averaged 10.83 ± 1.03 for proximal press-fit and 9.75 ± 2.09 with no press-fit (p = 0.09). The MAP score was worse for long diaphyseal press-fit than for short press-fit (p = 0.02). Use of a long stem with an endofemoral route or an overly small femoral window in patients with a curved femur is the main reason that three-point fixation occurred instead of press-fit. CONCLUSIONS: While press-fit is an effective concept, it is a demanding one that requires the surgeon to choose the correct surgical strategy for the patient's anatomy. A meticulous surgical technique is required to achieve proximal press-fit or at a minimum, short diaphyseal press-fit.
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Soumis le : mercredi 9 octobre 2019 - 14:16:19
Dernière modification le : vendredi 15 mai 2020 - 12:22:10




François Canovas, Sophie Putman, Louis Dagneaux, Lamine Chadli, Pierre Le Béguec. Cementless revision femoral stems application of press-fit principles and clinical outcomes. International Orthopaedics, Springer Verlag, 2018, ⟨10.1007/s00264-018-4265-4⟩. ⟨hal-02309629⟩



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