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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Immunology Année : 2016

IgG1 Allotypes Influence the Pharmacokinetics of Therapeutic Monoclonal Antibodies through FcRn Binding

Daniel Drocourt
  • Fonction : Auteur
Eric Perouzel
  • Fonction : Auteur
Gérard Tiraby
  • Fonction : Auteur

Résumé

Because IgG1 allotypes might have different half-lives, their influence on infliximab (G1m17,1 allotype) pharmacokinetics was investigated in a group of spondyloarthritis patients. Infliximab was found to have a shorter half-life in patients homozygous for the G1m17,1 allotypes than in those carrying the G1m3 with no G1m1 (G1m3,-1) allotype. Because the neonatal FcR (FcRn) is involved in the pharmacokinetics of mAbs, the interaction of different IgG1 allotypes with FcRn was examined using cellular assays and surface plasmon resonance. G1m17,1 mAbs, such as infliximab and rituximab, were shown to bind more efficiently to FcRn and to be transcytosed better than the G1m3,-1 mAb cetuximab, which explains why infliximab is a better competitor for endogenous IgG1 in G1m3,-1 allotype-bearing patients. A set of four allotype variants of adalimumab (G1m17,1; G1m17,-1; G1m3,1; and G1m3,-1) was also tested for its binding to FcRn, revealing that the G1m3,1 variant, not present in commercial mAbs, binds more efficiently to FcRn and is transcytosed better than the other three variants, all of which are found in therapeutic mAbs.

Dates et versions

hal-02299104 , version 1 (27-09-2019)

Identifiants

Citer

David Ternant, Christophe Arnoult, Martine Pugnière, Christine Dhommée, Daniel Drocourt, et al.. IgG1 Allotypes Influence the Pharmacokinetics of Therapeutic Monoclonal Antibodies through FcRn Binding. Journal of Immunology, 2016, 196 (2), pp.607-613. ⟨10.4049/jimmunol.1501780⟩. ⟨hal-02299104⟩
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