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Case report of the patient source of the Babesia microti R1 reference strain and implications for travelers

Abstract : Background: In 2002, a previously healthy 69-year-old man travelled to France from the United States and presented to our hospital with a febrile illness that subsequently was determined to be babesiosis. The blood isolated from this patient served as a source for propagation of the Babesia microti R1 strain with subsequent sequencing and annotation of the parasite genome. Methods: Upon admission, we obtained a medical history, performed a physical examination, and examined his blood for the presence of a blood borne pathogen by microscopy, PCR and indirect immunofluorescence antibody testing. Once the diagnosis of babesiosis was made, we reviewed the literature to assess the distribution of B. microti-associated babesiosis cases in immunocompetent patients from outside the USA. Results: The patient recalled a tick bite during the previous month on Cape Cod, Massachusetts. The diagnosis was confirmed by identification of Babesia-infected red blood cells on blood smears, amplification of B. microti DNA in blood by PCR and the presence of B. microti antibody in the serum. This strain was the first isolate of B. microti to be fully sequenced and its annotated genome serves as a reference for molecular and cell biology studies aimed at understanding B. microti pathophysiology and developing diagnostic tests and therapies. A review of babesiosis cases demonstrates a worldwide distribution of B. microti and identifies potential emerging endemic areas where travelers may be at risk of contracting B. microti infection. Conclusion: This case provides clinical information about the patient infected with the R1 isolate and a review of travel risk, diagnosis and treatment of babesiosis in endemic and non-endemic areas.
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Soumis le : jeudi 19 septembre 2019 - 17:12:35
Dernière modification le : mardi 17 mars 2020 - 03:40:35

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Philipp Stahl, Yves Poinsignon, Pascal Pouedras, Vasilica Ciubotaru, Laurence Berry, et al.. Case report of the patient source of the Babesia microti R1 reference strain and implications for travelers. Journal of Travel Medicine, Wiley-Blackwell, 2018, 25 (1), ⟨10.1093/jtm/tax073⟩. ⟨hal-02292395⟩



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